Domestic institutional and organizational forms of management of consumer cooperation of Ukraine
The functioning of any socio-economic system requires a certain organizational forms of governance, which refers to the way of combining structural parts of the socio-economic system into a coherent whole, according to its goals or functioning.
Diversified economic and social activities of consumer cooperation involves the use of appropriate, specific, and organizational forms of management.
The hierarchy of levels of management of consumer cooperation
Ukraine covers such organizational form of government: the Central Union of consumer societies of Ukraine (Ukoopspilka) — the regional Union of consumer societies (Crimea-Sporovsky) — dispoibile — consumer society. So, the main institutional and democratic forms of governance co-operatives are consumer cooperatives and potrebsoyuz.
The primary and the main organizational link of consumer cooperation is consumer society — the independent, democratic organization of citizens who on the basis of voluntary membership and mutual assistance are combined according to the place of residence or work for joint management with the goal of improving their social and economic status.
Members of the consumer society can also be a legal entity.
Depending on the population, which is aggregated and serviced, area of operation, the consumer society is divided into rural, urban, work, school, and district.
Rural consumer society serves primarily farmers, and farmers; worker — workers and specialists gerzhov; urban population of small cities and settlements of city type; student's students and students of cooperative schools; district — rural administrative district.
To fulfil its statutory objectives of consumer society creates shops, catering companies and bakeries, processing of enterprise, buying vehicle, carries out capital construction and reconstruction of material-technical base.
Modern consumer society in the economic aspect — it is a large commercial-industrial complexes that have the appropriate internal control structure.
Consumer society on a voluntary basis can join together in local unions and Central Union of consumer societies of Ukraine, and also have the right to withdraw from them.
The relationship between consumer societies and unions are based on contractual basis.
Union of consumer societies (district, regional, sporovski the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, Ukoopspilka) represent and protect the interests of consumer societies, their members and serve the population of States and other bodies, as well as in international organizations.
They provide consumer companies with practical assistance in carrying out economic activities, introduction of achievements of scientific-technical progress, best practices, carry out research and development of practical work, preparation and training, solve commercial disputes between organizations and enterprises of consumer cooperation. As independent entities of potrebsoyuz can conduct its own business aimed at creating the necessary production and social infrastructure of consumer cooperative societies.
Risorius of the Union as an organizational form for management of consumer cooperation is based on voluntary consumer societies, certain rural administrative district. Its composition may include other cooperative, state and public organizations, business companies.
Regarding connect consumer societies to promote performs delegated consumer societies General management functions. In addition, the Union carries out its own business; retail and wholesale trade, public catering, trade, procurement, agriculture, etc.
Retail trade unions of consumer societies mainly concentrated in regional centers and through the network of shops and other commercial enterprises. Retail chain of consumer Union can be United in a trade Association "Coopener", "Compactron" and mesicopter. "Couponer" brings together the regional Department store and specialty non-food stores, "Compactron" includes Central grocery and specialty food stores. The specific organizational form of management is MSCHAP - trading, which are created raspugivali for trade in cities and towns agricultural products procured from the population, collective and state agricultural enterprises.
Catering the Union is conducted through the Association of public catering enterprises of the regional center and nearby villages or factories catering. The difference between these two types of unions is that public catering enterprises included in the consolidation, have their specialities and carry out a full cycle of cooking. For mine from this company, which are part of combine of public catering primarily consist of enterprise-zagotovka, then there are those that bring to the presentation of the meals produced in the kitchen of the plant.
Procurement activities of the Union is carried out through reiserechner or raykoopzagotprom. Paradise - procurement Agency has its own network of procurement centers and warehouses, carries out procurement of agricultural products in accordance with the government order and also the purchase of agricultural products from the population, farms, associations of farms, at prices agreed. Procured and purchased the agricultural implement both market and pisarenkov consumers. Raykoopzagotprom, carrying out similar activities, has, in addition, the industrial complex for processing of agricultural products, applying pickling, salting, pickling etc.
Wholesale trade of the Union is carried out through the regional distribution center, which enjoys the rights of a legal entity. This activity is mainly aimed at meeting the needs of combine of consumer societies in
products. Turnover in the wholesale markets are dominated by food products.
Production activities of the Union is concentrated mainly in the field of bakery. To this end, the Union has 1-2 or more bakeries bakeries in the area. In addition, some raypotrebsoyuza carry out different production activities: production of soft goods, Souvenirs and other goods of daily demand.
and Management associations of the sectors of the Union by a special apparatus, is concentrated in these associations.
New focus of the unions of consumer societies is the financial-credit activity, which is carried out by the establishment risposto branches of Cooperative banks that concentrate temporarily free funds combine consumer societies and private enterprises households consumer Union for lending to the business operations of consumer societies and businesses. This lending is more profitable
conditions than the corresponding crediting of the state and commercial banks.
The consumer Union is a voluntary Association of unions of consumer societies (district consumer society) a certain oblastyami (the Autonomous Republic of Crimea). The composition of the regional consumer Union can also include other cooperative, state, collective, public organizations (enterprises and associations) and society.
The main aims and objectives of the consumer society is a comprehensive promote the development of consumer cooperation, implementation of delegated consumer societies and their unions powers and functions, coordination of activities and efforts of its members, as well as the development of its own economy to meet the needs of enterprises and organizations of consumer cooperation of the region in consumer goods and logistics assignments, materials and a variety of services.
The leading sectors of economic activity of consumer society is wholesale trade, manufacturing, procurement, construction, transport service requirements of consumer cooperation of the region and their logistics, training. Some of the regional consumer Union also have hospitality, cooperative banks, medical and recreational facilities.
The economic activity of consumer society are carried out by respective companies. For example, the wholesale trade of consumer society is through universal database, migraines and specialized databases. Production activity is carried out by the factories, shops and industrial complexes, blanking — blanking value bases and enterprises for processing agricultural products. In the structure of consumer society is also construction management with appropriate technology, focused at construction sites. Transport services needs to be merged consumer societies and unions of consumer societies is trucking associations. In the activities of the regional consumer Union has an important place also logistical support to private enterprises, consumer societies and the unions of consumer societies equipment, equipment and raw materials. This is how the specialized production enterprises, and databases of logistics or relevant compositions in wholesale trading bases.
Educational activities oblspozhivspilki is carried out through the cooperative colleges and vocational schools. Some of the consumer society have a co-operative colleges, training complexes, etc.
The subjects of property rights on the enterprises of the regional consumer Union are the members of the consumer society, consumer Union, labor groups and the regional consumer Union as a legal entity. This provision was introduced in the statutes of obl - potrebsoyuza in accordance with the Law of Ukraine "On consumer cooperatives". Thus increased the role of consumer societies and the unions of consumer societies in the formation of goals, objectives and activities businesses oblsport - unions in connection with the combine needs of their organizations.
Central Union of consumer societies of Ukraine (Ukoopspilka) comprises, on a voluntary basis, the Crimea - Sporovsky and regional unions of consumer societies. The main aims and objectives being comprehensively assist the development of the consumer cooperation of Ukraine, implementation of delegated consumer societies and their unions powers and functions, coordination of activities and efforts of its members, as well as the development of its own economy to meet the needs of enterprises and organizations of consumer cooperatives in the consumer goods and logistics assignments, raw materials, various services.
Ukoopspilka, performing delegated sporovski law represents and defends their interests, the interests of the shareholders and of the population served in the relevant state and other bodies, as well as in international organizations; provides consumer societies consumed - unions and their subordinate enterprises with practical help in carrying out economic activities, providing the population with necessary goods and materials, equipment and other logistical resources for the organization of capital construction, transport-forwarding servicing, repair of equipment and structures; to organize the implementation in practice the achievements of scientific-technical progress, best practices, training and staff development; resolves commercial disputes between organizations and enterprises of consumer cooperation of Ukraine.
Economic activity of Ukoopspilka covers such sectors as wholesale trade, procurement, logistics, capital construction, production of consumer goods and technological equipment, education, transport, etc. This activity, Being conducted through enterprises, organizations and institutions of relevant industries. The structure of economic activities of enterprises, being focused on internal needs, fostering relationships ownership of these enterprises.
In accordance with decisions V meetings of the Board of Ukoopspilka the subjects of property rights on enterprises being are its members, working groups subordinate enterprises, organizations, institutions, and itself, Being as a legal entity.
According to the Law of Ukraine "On consumer cooperatives" Union of consumer societies do not have the right to exercise administrative functions in relation to combine their consumer societies (article 8). Consequently, the system of consumer cooperation it is such hierarchical structure in which SPO - gispl all levels are denied the right to directly intervene in economic activity of consumer societies and grass-roots potrebsoyuza.
Another feature of consumer cooperatives is the presence on each level of management, parallel management, which is carried out by bodies of social-media authorities and control and professional management.
The bodies of social-media authorities of each level of consumer cooperative societies to solve the most important issues of the potrebsoyuz or the consumer society. Professional management staff are relatively independent in operational matters and economic activities.
The work of enterprises, which are part of consumer societies, potrebsoyuza or industry associations, led by the person on the rights dineychannel.