Public self-government in consumer cooperation
At the modern stage of activities of consumer cooperation of Ukraine one of the main tasks is the revival of consumer cooperatives on cooperative principles, the fullest use of wide rights and opportunities for development Cooperation must be self-managed, highly cultured, widely integrated both within itself and with the collective, unions of peasant households, state enterprises and organizations.
The essential task of cooperative organizations is the extension of democracy, increasing the role and importance of bodies of social-media management and control as the most important forms of attracting broad layers of shareholders to controlling all sectors of activity of consumer societies.
In accordance with the new edition of exemplary statutes of the organizations of consumer cooperation clarified and expanded the rights and obligations of bodies of management and control at all levels of the consumer cooperatives, strengthened their responsibility for results of economic activity, intensification of the shareholders and employees of consumer cooperatives. Now it is important to ensure compliance with such requirements as the election of all the cooperative bodies of management and control from top to bottom; periodic reporting them to their cooperative organizations and shareholders; collectivity in the discussion and decision-making in conjunction with the personal responsibility of each employee for the timely and full implementation of the jointly adopted decisions; transparency in the work, the constant orientation of public opinion etc.
Improving the style of work of electoral management bodies determines the activity and efficiency of members within these agencies and on the ground in direct communication with their shareholders and workers of consumer cooperative societies.
You need to refer to the commonly agreed goals of the international cooperative movement, as well as to aggressively implement the principles of consumer cooperation, under article 2 of the Law of Ukraine "On consumer cooperatives": voluntary membership, democracy, social justice, mutual aid and cooperation, free economic functioning on the basis of market relations.
The implementation of the objectives and conditions of activity of consumer societies is based on public self, which refers to a system of participation of shareholders in the management and control of economic and social activities of enterprises and organizations of consumer cooperative societies.
Public self-management in consumer cooperatives is carried out as direct participation of shareholders in the management of, and indirect participation through their representatives in the management bodies and control of consumer societies and potrebsoyuza.
The direct participation of shareholders in the management is used in consumer societies and fosters their participation in the meeting of shareholders, precinct meetings, and in the organs of the cooperative control.
In spoiltpig is used mainly mediated form of participation of shareholders in the management of although not excluded, and direct participation in the work of colegate bodies (conferences, congresses, meetings of commissioners, councils, Board meetings) with an Advisory vote.
The Supreme body of public self-governance of consumer society is General meeting of its members which are authorized to consider and decide all issues of society.)Each member of the consumer society, including ^the collective, is at the General meeting (meeting of commissioners) of the partnership entitled to one vote, regardless of the size of its proposed share, and this right may not be transferred to other persons.
The General meeting of a consumer society: accept the Charter, introduce amendments and additions to it; determine the size of the subscription and mandatory equity contributions; taking citizens to members of the consumer society and excluded from it; elect Chairman of the Board of the consumer society, members of the Board and the audit Committee, determine the membership of these bodies; approve the regulations on the audit Committee, other representative bodies and bodies of public self-government and control of the company; to discuss and accept the mandates of the shareholders. hear reports from Executive and administrative and control bodies of the company on the implementation of them, review and approve programs (plans) of the economic and social development of the consumer society; approves the annual reports of the Board and the balances of the consumer society and the conclusions thereon of the audit Commission estimates for the maintenance of the apparatus and the audit Committee; distribute income, provide the necessary funds and reserves, determine the order of their use; claim the salaries and allowances to the Chairman of the Board of the consumer society and Chairman of the audit Committee may delegate this right to the company's Board following its approval of the decisions of the Assembly; exercise the right of collective ownership of the consumer society; addressing the issues of liquidation and reorganization (merger, accession, division, separation, transformation) of the consumer society etc.
In a consumer society, where there are more than 200 members of shareholders, to address issues relating to competence of the General meeting can be convened of a meeting of commissioners.
General meeting (meeting of authorized) shall be convened by the Board of the consumer society, if necessary, but not less than once per year.
The Executive and administrative body of the consumer society is its Board. It bears full responsibility before the General meeting of shareholders (authorized) for all current organizational, economic and social activity of the consumer society and control over the work of subordinate enterprises.
Meetings of the Board of the consumer society are held as necessary but at least once per month. They are open for free visits by holders of this consumer society.
The consumer society Board at least once a year report to the General meeting of shareholders (the meeting of Plenipotentiaries), which informs on its work to the shareholders and labor groups, using local meetings, village meetings, mass media.
Control of activity of consumer society is its audit Committee. It monitors compliance with the Charter of consumer society, financial and economic activities of its Board, committees contributes to cooperative control in the performance of their control functions. The audit Commission acts in accordance with the regulations approved by the General meeting of shareholders (Plenipotentiaries), and is accountable to these bodies.
A form of mass participation of shareholders in the governance of consumer society are a precinct meeting of shareholders. Cooperative stations are usually in the area of activities of one or more cooperative enterprises of all sectors: shops, storage places, canteens, industrial enterprises.
Precinct meetings shall elect for a term of five years and, if necessary, be fired before the end of office of commissioners of the consumer society, the district co-operative Committee and the Board of cooperative control, hear their reports; discuss and make recommendations on candidates for the position of Chairman of the Board of the consumer society; consider and approve the orders ' of the shareholders; make proposals to the Board of the consumer society on the opening of new, closing or realigning cooperative enterprises, has lost its importance on the site; consider the results of enterprises ' activities in the area, plan ways of improving their; hear the reports of the Directors (heads) of shops, cafeterias, procurement centers and other cooperative enterprises directly serving the stockholders of the site and decide other issues.
In the period between the precinct meetings of shareholders authority of representative government, on the plot there is a district cooperative Committee composed of 3-7 persons elected by precinct meetings. The decision of the district Committee adopted within its powers defined by the regulations approved by the General meeting of shareholders (Plenipotentiaries), which is mandatory for managers of cooperative businesses that serve the population of the area.
Control over the activities of enterprises located on the territory of the cooperative parcel, the cooperative exercise of the Commission's control. They are elected at precinct meetings of shareholders, accountable to them and carry out their activities on a voluntary basis, guided by the regulations approved by the General meeting of shareholders (authorized). The Board of cooperative control has the right to put before the relevant bodies of the cooperative questions about the activities of enterprises that are controlled by it.
In accordance with the draft regulations of the consumer society is a member of consumer society has the right to participate in the activities of the consumer society, elect and be elected to its management bodies and control, to make proposals for the improvement of society and elimination of shortcomings in the work of its bodies and officials. He also has the right to receive from elected bodies and officials, consumer society, information on any subject of its activities, except to the extent that is associated with a trade secret, and the right to appeal the district and to the General meeting the actions of election bodies and officials of the consumer society.
The Supreme management body of the regional Union of consumer societies is the conference of the Union of consumer societies of the district, which is empowered to consider and decide on any questions of activity of Union. The conference raypotrebsoyuza risposte adopts the Statute, makes changes and additions to it; elects the members and alternate members of the Board of the Union; determines the quantitative composition of the Board of the consumer Union and the auditing Committee; approve the regulations on the audit Commission; consider and approve reports on the activities of the Board and the audit
the Commission evaluates their work; addresses issues of public and social activities of the Union, the main directions of economic and social development of consumer cooperation of the region; exercises the right of collective ownership of the Union and determines the controls which are transmitted to the individual functions in the economic management of collective property; decides the issues of reorganization and termination of activities of the Union; joining the regional alliances and exit, decides other issues relating to activities of consumer cooperatives in the district.
The next conference raypotrebsoyuza going" by the Council every five years, an extraordinary Council of the Union on its own initiative or at the request of not less than 2/3 of the members of the Union in the 30-day period from the date of receipt of such demand.
Delegates to the conference of the Union are elected from among shareholders by the General meeting (meeting of authorized) consumer societies belonging to the Union. Issues for consideration by the conference shall be made by the Council, the Board, audit Committee or members of the consumer Union.
GU between the conferences of its functions, other than those referred exclusively to the competence of the conference, the Council assumes the consumer Union, which reports to the conference.
Raypotrebsoyuza makes changes and additions to the Charter of the Union; shall elect from its members a Chairman of the Board, Board members and, if necessary, permanent commissions of the Council; determines the membership of these bodies; approves or cancels the decision of the Board of the Union on the adoption of its new members; decides on participation on a contractual basis in the activities of other unions and associations; hear reports on the activities of the Board, the audit Committee and of the standing committees and evaluates their work; approves the annual reports and the balance of consumer Union, estimates for the maintenance of the Board and the audit Committee; distributes the profits to produce the necessary funds and reserves and defines how they are used, shall decide on the convening of a conference of the Union and lays down the rules of representation at the conference; adds to composition of the Board and the audit Committee of translation candidates to the members of the Board and the audit Committee decides on the question of the responsibility of elected officials for the improper performance of their duties and other issues of consumer Union.
Council meeting of the Union convened by the management Board of the Union if necessary, but not less than once per year.
As already noted, the Council of the Union may establish from its membership standing committees on activities. They are pre-prepared questions relating to the appropriate area for consideration at the meeting of the Council, contribute to the fulfillment of the law of Ukraine "On consumer cooperation", the Charter of the Union, decisions adopted by the Council.
Of the Board of the Union is solely responsible for the current organizational, economic and social activities of the Union, has direct control of the enterprises (associations) private sector.
Board meetings are open to the public real estate investors.
Control over the activities of the Union carries out the audit Commission, which reports to the conference and between conferences — the Council raypotrebsoyuza. It monitors compliance with the requirements of the Statute of the Union, the financial and economic activities of government, enterprises and organizations private households raypotrebsoyuza. The work of the audit Commission is organized in accordance with the Charter of the Union and the Provisions on the auditing Commission.
The Supreme management body of the regional Union of consumer societies, and Kimposible of Ukoopspilka is the Congress of consumer cooperation. In the period between congresses, their functions, the Council of potrebsoyuz. Executive-administrative bodies of potrebsoyuza the highest level of government. Control over the activities of potrebsoyuza carry out their audit Committee. The functions of these bodies is in principle similar to the functions of similar bodies of the unions of consumer societies, however, the scale of operation respectively include the territory of the region and Ukraine in General.
Attracting shareholders to the management of consumer co-operation is effective when a qualified job in Their elected bodies of management and control. Therefore, in consumer cooperatives created by the training system of the asset. The most effective are the school commissioners of consumer societies and of delegates to conferences and congresses and regular seminars, the members of the audit commissions and committees of cooperative control. Acquits himself well as periodic seminars, meetings, where activists discuss current issues, exchange experience, study requirements as recorded in the statutes, instructions and reminders.
A useful form of training is the preparation and hearing at district meetings and Board meetings of members of electoral bodies about their work. These reports increase the efficiency and responsibility of the activists, is an incentive to further improve their activities.
Considering a job with an elected core group and the shareholders as a reliable means of improving nutrit democracy, it is necessary to make fuller use of material and moral stimulation of activity of these people.
A question on increase of responsibility of activists and workers for the principles of democracy vnutren. It is important that each of them knew and always remembered the owners and direct managers of the cooperatives themselves are the shareholders. All questions of an elected official must be solved subject to the orders and observations of the shareholders, be accountable to them, to be kept informed about the activities of the cooperative and potrebsoyuz, using personal meetings, press, radio, television.