Communication with the audience
For most people speech to an audience is a complex task. For hundreds of years people are concerned about the same problem: how to present your thoughts with maximum quality, lightness, clarity. This is especially important for the Manager for whom the art of public speaking, ability to convince people is often key to the success of the team, which he heads.
Speech to an audience will achieve its goal only in the case when to prepare it carefully. As a rule, unprepared speakers have been emotionally, produce a certain impression on the audience, but can't always convince them.
Prepare a public speech must begin with a plan of future speech. This plan can be on a separate card according to the constituent parts of speech:
No. 1 — how to grab the attention of the listeners;
No. 2 — how to best use your energy;
# 3 and # 4 — how to win the minds of the listeners;
No. 5 — the result of performance.
Fill cards begin with card No. to where you need to clearly formulate the topic and the most important provisions you need to bring to the audience. Card # 4 is used for santovena on it all of the evidence, comparisons and contrasts, numbers, and so on. Filling card No. 3 and No. 4, you need to consider how to disclose the topic to the audience, to make it understandable for all, how to prove the correctness of their position and to reach an understanding with the audience.
Card No. 5 note a closing address to the audience, that certain summary performances offer the audience how to use heard.
Now, consider the beginning of the performance and record it on the card No. 1. The introduction should be short, concise, attract attention, generate interest to the personality of the speaker and to what he says, and stimulate the desire and audience believe acting because he has to say.
On card No. 2 determine the purpose of the speech, the reasons for the urgency of his themes, arguments, which can be involved in solving the problems of everyone in the hall.
Making a plan, you need to "lose" his thoughts, to pick up the necessary words, gestures, intonation. Some speakers prefer a complete record of future speech, study it, then throw recorded material in his speech to use reference cards. The method of preparation of the report may be different. The only thing you cannot do is read his speech on paper.
Even a well thought out statement will not succeed if you do not think about their future behaviour before an audience. The influence of the speaker to the audience begins with the appearance of it to the audience. The procession of the speaker must be smooth, Approaching the podium or table, you need to take the right position: stand upright, feet apart, look directly at the audience. All kind of speaker needs to indicate his confidence in the fact that he wants to bring to the audience.
Upon contact with the audience is of great importance eye contact the audience and the speaker. You need to look at the audience because most people like when you speak directly to them. Some speakers believe that if you periodically glance out the window, at the ceiling, it will help to gather your thoughts, or when looking over the heads of those who sit in the last row, then each will think that the speaker is speaking directly to him. Such behavior of the speaker, the audience will decide that he escapes the listeners that he was not Frank, wants to encourage listeners to something disagreeable.
So during the performance we need to look to the specific audience in the form of the immediate contact of your eyes with them. If she stands in front of a large group of people, then you need to choose a specific audience for a permanent treatment in different parts of the audience, without ignoring none of its sector. The look should be friendly, alive.
Tone of voice should reflect confidence and assurance of the speaker, and the power of voice needs to be such that everyone heard it.
In a public speech, you need to skillfully use body language as an important tool of human communication.
Not during the speech to keep your hands in your pockets, you must skilfully use them to create images of their ideas.
The success of the performance largely depends on its beginning. The first impression listeners must be positive, instill confidence, that time will not be lost in vain.
To begin, you can quotes from the proposal, which is striking in its uniqueness, with a history that will result in immediate sympathy of the audience, with a reference to the new, the well-known literary work or a TV story, stories from his own life or a rhetorical question. This beginning of speech gives you the opportunity to capture the attention of listeners. After this you need to develop your first success and fix it. It is necessary to introduce listeners aware of the problem, to make them active participants. You need to focus on the important idea that lies at the basis of speech. Everything else —the facts, evidence, and examples to complement and develop the main idea.
In a written statement importantly, you can allocate a separate paragraph to emphasize.
In a speech, you need to change the tone of voice, speak more slowly on what performance to turn the thought in a living way.
Any exchange of opinions, judgments, claims between people occurs in the following models: for approval should be proof of that fact. This scheme works when a public speech in front of an audience.
To prove a certain point of view it is better to use evidence (illustrations, examples, comparisons, inferences, visual materials, statistics, etc.).
The compulsory component of the success of the performance is also persistence and perseverance in the evidence of his innocence.
Significantly contributes to the performance of the skillful use of analogies and oppositions. Thus it is necessary to use analogies, comparisons with objects and events, well known to listeners. For example: "Cooperation between our Board members can be illustrated using the well-known fable about a Swan, cancer and pike".
In a speech to the audience should also skillfully use the numbers as a means by which to convey the data about the number, cost, size, volume. However, the figures to be able to use. Not overburdening their performance. Figures should be understandable for the audience. For clarity, you can present them in a slightly modified form. For example, if you say that in a consumer society during the year used 1750 tons of fuel, by itself, this figure is little that will tell the audience. Accurate representation of information in this form: "This amount of fuel is sufficient to heat the building for 25 years."
Often, the audience refuses to accept the statements of the speaker if it comes from his name. In such situation it is necessary to refer to a famous person, an expert in this field, we have to use citation. Using quotes as a means to confirm and justify their own ideas, it is necessary to refer to the person who really is the specialist in this area and which is known to most in the audience.
Finally, the listeners is very influenced by the reasoning of the speaker. In their arguments it is possible to go from cause to effect, or from effect to cause. To choose one or another course of reasoning is necessary, based on the nature of the problem, which extends in front of the audience and of the purpose pursued by the speaker. If the purpose of speech information and analytical, you should start to Socis of the investigation and then to analyze the reasons. If the goal of intervention is to encourage listeners to certain actions, it is best to bring them to the thoughts of the speaker, starting with analysis of reasons.
The efficiency of performance is increased through the use of illustrative tables, charts, graphs, icons.
Using objects to speak in front of an audience, you need to select them primarily from the standpoint of clarity, to the demo material was visible to everyone in the room.
You can not swing the subject before the eyes of the audience. Describing it should show those items referred to at the moment. Need to avoid possible moments when the subject can merge with the color of clothes of the speaker. The object should be placed so that it was available for review from anywhere in the room instead of keeping it in front of him.
If any item needs to show in action, in advance acquainted with its operation and feel.
At different levels of business communication are of great importance such means of visualization as tables, charts, graphs, pictograms.
Feeding material graphically, you need to choose a scale for the chart have a good view from the last row. The most important places of the graph represent the arrows. Chart to perform better in colors, which is an effective and simple means of fixing the attention of listeners.
For comparison, the very comfortable graphics, built of rectangles of different heights. These charts can be build in vertical and horizontal directions, using different colors.
The table should be large and contain more than 2-3 columns and 5-6 rows. Each table should have a title. The signature on the tables doing horizontally.
One of the ways of transmission of the described items using characters, there are icons. The use of icons allows even difficult to understand material in an interesting and accessible information gives a clear picture necessary to substantiate opinions. This happens immediately, as the audience sees and understands is incorporated in the icon view, as soon as she gets up in front of her. These badges should be extremely simple.
During a demonstration of clarity, it is also important to choose the right place for the speaker. The best place is to the left of the material which show. If he uses the pointer, you can stand where it is more convenient. However, in any case can not overshadow that show.
A good can only be considered a public speech after which the audience knows what to do with the received information. To do this, in the end, be sure to explain to students why they need such information. Concluding is a brief summary, explain in detail how to use the information If the information had informative character, then the conclusion should briefly recall what was discussed.