Organizational structure

Kuznetsov. Fundamentals of management

The effectiveness of achieving the goals of the organization, the implementation of its strategy of interaction with the external environment is largely determined by the correctness of the structure of the organization.
The structure of the organization should be focused on the implementation of its strategy. Periodically the strategy and plans change, and organizational structure requires adequate changes. In conditions of complicated economic development requiring non-standard solutions, there is a conflict between existing management schemes and essentially new objects of governance or between traditional, rational and entrepreneurial, innovative management style.The creation of control systems to unleash your creativity at all hierarchical levels, is currently the main purpose of the reorganization of firms, and this is done primarily on the basis of the definition of new priorities in the development of the organization.
Among the main sources of bureaucratic resistance to change can be called inertia and conservatism of the staff. Strong intra-firm "political reasons" — the emergence of coalitions and interest groups, the feeling of winning some at the expense of others, due primarily to the necessity of reconsidering many of the old decisions, honest recognition of mistakes and miscalculations, self-critical attitude of managers to their own behavior. The unwillingness of people to change is present in relatively prosperous organizations, and companies standing on the verge of collapse. Sources of resistance to the reorganizations also are rooted in the current system of corporate traditions and moral values that influence the behavior of people in nostalgia for the "good old days".
Main hopes today, the management holds a strong economic leader vehicle of organizational change.