Staff development: training, training
Management of the Company
The future growth of an employee is not necessarily related to obtaining leadership positions. Each employee should provide the opportunity to receive an education that will allow him to move to a higher professional level and to obtain higher status.
Training is a particular field of investing. Correct selection of personnel is the solution of technical, technological, commercial objectives, the premise of the company's prosperity. However, training is beneficial for the employee.
The training should provide the organization with a sufficient number of people with skills, abilities that are necessary to achieve the objectives of the organization.
First of all, noteworthy is the fact that training can be arranged directly on the company's own forces (in-house training). In in-company training the role of the organization is to determine not only the quantity but also the orientation of education, as stipulated in the relevant contracts (bids) to prepare. The training itself is carried out in special training centres, as well as in the system of higher and secondary special education. In addition, the company through various kinds of incentives influences self-education (self-study) of their employees, on the development of their professional skills.
The totality of training activities at the firm bring together long-term programs, one-time workshops (schools), training and awareness-raising conversation with the Manager, internship, self-education.
In the training of workers is isolated:
• training of new workers;
• retraining and training of workers, the second (adjacent) professions;
• professional development.
The system of professional education of workers is very diverse and includes forms.
Individual learning in teams. Learning takes place directly at the workplace, the student is assigned to the master, the mentor who helps develop the necessary skills in accordance with the training program. After training and passing the tariff and the qualifying examination, the employee of the special Commission assigned tariff category.
Group form of training of workers. The training is a group under the guidance of the master of inservice training.
Course training is carried out in special courses, with isolation or without isolation from production. This form of preparation used in the preparation of working difficult jobs, working conditions which make it difficult to conduct practical training in the workplace. The training course aims also the related specialties.
Centers of training and retraining by the employment services training and retraining of personnel, through certain circumstances not found work in the labour market. The need for retraining was caused by the following factors:
• release of workers as a result of development of scientific-technical progress and reconstruction of enterprises;
• lack of demand for certain professions;
• inconsistent professional set of business needs
Retraining is the process of learning, which expand the working possibilities of job application.
In respect of specialists and managers of the training function of the company is primarily manifested in the organization to enhance their skills. Refresher training is provided by enterprises for their employees with a separation or without separation from production, through exchange network, schools, best practices, technical groups, workshops. Duration from one day to one year.
Postgraduate additional education. Is carried out to obtain academic qualifications at post-graduate or doctoral studies or second higher professional education. The training period of 2-4 years.
The on the job training is typical for simple workers and posts of employees, training of employees more complex professions and level of training requires training outside the workplace, because it has great theoretical orientation, and gives versatile training, but requires a significant investment. The aim in training is to ensure:
• adequate training of the worker, appropriate to the needs of the workplace (position);
• the conditions for mobility of workers, as the preconditions for a better usage and employment;
• opportunities to promote worker as the conditions of formation of motivation and job satisfaction.