Types of companies that operate in Ukraine and their common characteristic features
Management of the Company
The development of market economy in Ukraine contributes to the emergence of various forms of modern enterprises operating in developed countries.
For agricultural practice in the market, a qualified business management, is crucial breakdown for certain characteristic features (criteria).
Businesses that can be created and operate in accordance with the Law Ukraine "On Enterprises' share in such characteristic features (criteria)
Depending on the legal form of the company management are divided into:
1.1. Individual (one-man management).
Individual enterprises are business entities with legal personality, created by capital only one employer (or members of the same family).
Such enterprises under applicable law may be created in the following organizational and legal forms (Fig. 3).
Individual businesses are the most simple and effective form of organizational legal form of a small business, relative to others (collectively, joint, stock, etc.). Despite the fact that this is one of the simplest and most common form of business organization the sole entity has certain advantages and disadvantages.
The disadvantages of sole management include:
1) the sole owner of the company is subject to unlimited liability. He, in case of failure of management, can quickly lose not only the assets of the enterprise, but all their possessions, as is generally the assets and personal property are the guarantee for loans;
2) low competitiveness;
3) high dependence of economic and financial performance of the sharp fluctuations of individual commodity markets; 4) uncertainty of the timing and general life cycle: the sole entity exists only for as long as he is capable businessman. In the event of such a serious illness, death, bankruptcy legally cease to function. Due to such uncertainties lifetime banks are reluctant to provide loans and other businessmen not enter into long-term business agreements with individual enterprise; 5) limitations of all resources for the development of various activities, the creation of appropriate conditions for work, recreation, training, improving his skills etc. 6) great physical and psychological burden on the employer because of the need to personally perform all the functions of management.
With the development of market economy in Ukraine and state support of small business, individual businesses will take their place in meeting consumer demand for goods and services.
1.2. Collective enterprise.
Collective enterprises are business entities with legal personality, property rights based on labor collective, cooperative, other charter companies, public and religious organizations.
The right of collective ownership may occur on the following grounds: 1) voluntary association of property of citizens and legal entities for the creation of joint stock companies, cooperatives, partnerships and other business associations; 2) transfer of state-owned enterprises lease; 3) conversion of state enterprises into joint-stock company and others; 4) government subsidies; 5) donations from organizations and individuals.
In the collective ownership of land can be transferred to collective farms, agricultural cooperatives, agricultural corporations and others.
1.3. State enterprises.
State-owned enterprises - a business entities with legal personality, which are based on national ownership.
The objects of national property is the property of state enterprises and the subject - the state represented by the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine.
By national property belongs authorities and property management: 1) defense facilities; 2) power system; 3) public transportation system; 4) communication system and its functions of national importance; 5) the republican budget; 6) republican banks; 7) certain types of companies and economic systems; 8) insurance, reserve and other funds; 9) cultural and historical value; 10) higher and secondary educational institutions; 11) and other property, which is the material basis of Ukraine's sovereignty and ensure its economic and social development.
1.4. Public utilities.
Public utilities - is a company, which is based on communal ownership of administrative units in the face of regional, district, city, town and village councils.
By municipal public property are: 1) government ownership and management; 2) the local budget; 3) housing utilities. [/ Announce]
Furthermore, in charge of administrative bodies (province, region, district) may be in the company of agriculture, trade, consumer services