Social enterprise subsystem
Management of the Company
For efficient operation of the business as an open social-economic system, it is necessary to have some resources then act as subsystems.
Among the most important and major subsystems of any enterprise is a social subsystem (staff).
The main objective of social subsystems (personnel) is the effect of the use of material and technical, technological, financial and other resources of the enterprise in the implementation of trade and other activities and the achievement of which subsystem (staff) is the foundation of any enterprise. Without people there is no business. Enterprise operates just because there are people.
People make the enterprise product, company culture forming its internal climate, they determine the performance target and the objectives of the company.
Social subsystem (staff) - is the most basic element of the entire system operational management. From fiksatsiynoho, demographic composition of the staff, their ability to adapt to changes in the objectives of the system depends rival the efficiency and ability of any enterprise.
Social subsystem (staff), depending on features in turn divided into management and workers.
To the management personnel include managers, professionals and employees (technical artists)
The leaders - are employees who occupy positions of managers and their departments. Enterprises plant isolated senior executives, the average senior - is top-level representatives of management who have the greatest power and responsibility are responsible enterprise.
Senior executives form the objectives and strategic goals of the company, control the operation managers (managers) medium low levels.
By senior executives include workers who hold positions of managers and their deputies (Director (vduvachi), chairman of the company, etc.).
By mid-level managers include chiefs (managers) structural divisions of the company management (department of economics, marketing, accounting and auditing, commercial department, technical service, etc.) and their deputies.
The leaders (managers) of mid-level enterprises provide planning of production and sale of goods, the study of demand for goods and services, contracts for the supply of goods and raw materials, accounting and control of tasks and more.
To the leaders (managers) lower level management include managers of operational divisions and their deputies, heads commodity divisions (sections) and their deputies and others.
The leaders (managers) of the lower level directly involved in trade processes (organizing the flow of customers in the trade halls, display of goods on the equipment, providing customers optimal conditions for their review and selection, organize payments for selected buyers of products, providing customers additional trade services, etc.).
Specialists considered employees engaged in engineering and technical, financial, economic, social, legal and other works, in particular - engineers, economists, accountants, marketing specialists, legal advisers, sociologists and others.
Before employees are employees who perform other functions purely on documentation, accounting and control of services (secretary office, computer operator, Stenographers etc.).
For effective management should be considered as signs of staff and the ratio between managers, professionals, employees and workers.
Thus, in the trade, depending on the type of specialization, scope of work; ownership of property companies and other factors, the proportion of heads of enterprises in the total number of managerial staff varies on average from 1.5 to 20%, experts from 60 to 80% of employees from 18 to 20%.
In the total number of workers trade-operative of 60 to 85%, 15 support staff that the most rational ratio
staff and workers, for example, in companies of 15 and 85%.
Failure relationship between management and workers and signs of neglect leads to increased personnel unnecessary costs related to the management company, the increasing flow of diverse and often contradictory information and low productivity all staff.