Internal environment and its elements
Management of the Company
In the company as an open system, distinguish its internal and external environment.
Internal environment is influenced by variables that carry a direct impact on the production, trade and other activities.
All elements of the internal environment are interconnected with each other and operate as a single unit.
The relationship between elements of the internal environment is constantly supported with the help of information.
Effective management businesses have to form common goals. General objectives are based on the mission of the company (clearly outlined its reason of existence). For example, in their commercial mission is to meet consumer demand for goods and services and obtain the maximum possible prybutku.Tsili highly developed by management and communicated to each department (service). Based on the overall objectives of the company, each department (Service) develops its own (local) to achieve common goals.
The goal - a specific expected result of any enterprise that gives meaning to its existence as an open system.
If the mission defines the general orientations (determine the root cause of the existence of the company), the specific final state, which seeks venture recorded in the form of its objectives, that the goals - a particular state of the individual characteristics of the company, the achievement of which is desirable for him.
A special place in the internal environment of the enterprise takes its structure.
The structure combines horizontal and vertical division of labor in the enterprise. Each unit (service) specializes in certain types of work, and is responsible for their implementation.
The challenge - a kind of work that must be done subdivisions (services) and individual workers in due time and certain ways.
From a technical point of view, the problem is not issued to the employee and his office. Based on management decision now about the structure of each department (Service) position and includes a number of tasks that are considered as a necessary contribution to achieving the objectives of the enterprise. It is believed that when the task of each department (Service) and individual workers carried out in due time, the company will operate efficiently.
All tasks traditionally divided the company into three groups. This work with people, objects (machines, raw materials, goods, instruments) information.
The company objectives are closely related to technology. Performing any task requires the use of a particular technology as a means to transform input elements (materials, raw materials, capital, information and other resources), weekend (profit, product, product, mastering new markets, meet the staff and so on.).
Technology is changing under the influence of scientific and technological progress.
For example, the emergence of computer technology has allowed businesses to automate trade jobs of managers and specialists to introduce new advanced forms of international trade for plastic cards, automate traffic accounting commodity, financial and other resources.
The impact of this variable (technology) management now largely determined by three major advantages in the world of technology: the industrial revolution; standardization and mechanization; the use of conveyor lines.
To maintain the proper level of competitiveness of the enterprise it managers need to constantly monitor the scientific progress and introduce its achievements in the practice of the company.
Staff (the people - is the most important situational (alternating) factor of any enterprise. The role of staff (people) enterprise determined by the following factors: 1) the ability; 2) talent; 3) needs; 4) knowledge; 5) behavior; 6) attitude to work; 7) the ratio of the values and understanding others.
Under the organizational culture of the enterprise as its internal variable understand the position, views and demeanor in which basic values are embodied.
Culture of enterprise, of course, does not exist apart from the culture. Moreover, when it comes to culture, for example, an organization like the state, it exists as part of world culture. But in this case it is the culture of the company, as its internal variable.
Organizational culture is an integral part of the internal variables of any company and affect both its inner life and his position in the environment. Organizational culture is composed of stable rules, concepts and principles as to how the company should and can react to external influences, how to behave in an organization that sense of the enterprise, etc. Culture is made and formed largely controlled, and in particular the higher management. Organizational culture can play a huge role in the mobilization of all components of the company to achieve its objectives.