Environmental factors indirectly (indirect) impact
Management of the Company
The main economic factors of the environment, requiring constant evaluation in terms of potential for business impact of their changes include: 1) the country's main economic sectors; 2) infrastructure of the economy: transport, communications; 3) tax policy, incentives, penalties, sanctions; 4) state and local government regulation of the economy; 5) the composition and structure of the financial and banking system; 6) the general state of the economy and its development indicators (crises, inflation, interest rates, the level fluctuations of the national currency against currencies of other countries; 7) minerals, energy resources; 8) description of industrial products (services, works), gross national product.
International factors include the sphere of relations between different national and international institutions that directly affect the company.
The international factors are: 1) the status and trends of international economic relations; 2) international and regional organizations that contribute to the development of international business;
3) international education, research, conferences and symposia; 4) the state of international transport and international communications; 5) embassies and trade missions in other countries; 6) international multilateral and bilateral agreements and so on.
Increased politicization of social processes, increase political forces and power structures tend to strengthen the randomness and spontaneity of social and political development. In this unstable environment is very difficult to protect enterprises from possible shocks caused by sudden changes in economic conditions and create unfavorable conditions for business enterprises (rising resource costs, reduced profits and so on.). Reducing the impact of political factors on enterprises helps bring early state regulators to undertakings draft new laws, decrees, regulations and other regulations to protect the interests of companies.
Enterprises in the activity must consider the impact of scientific and technological factors as their competitors, and country. The very first this applies to high-tech companies that apply the highest level of technology, including computer, laser, plasma, robotics, biological.
To maintain competitiveness should use scientific and technological progress and be ready for rapid assimilation of new scientific and technical developments and facilities that define the methods of manufacture and sale of products and services. By the component factors of scientific and technological progress are: 1) patents, inventors' certificates of innovations; 2) research and development, reports from scientific research, project development, engineering work; 3) system technologies in various fields of human activity; 4) information and hardware for processing and others.
Social and cultural factors related to the country's population, level of development, traditions and customs. The significance of these factors is, firstly, that the population is a client for most businesses, because people are the main buyers. Second, the local population for any company is the main source of personnel.
Socio-cultural factors of the environment of the enterprise include: 1) the number and population of the area, its demographic characteristics and age; 2) the number and structure of families, their traditions and customs;
3) the level of training, education, labor skills of the working population; 4) the level of income, the structure needs; 5) life values, guidelines, ethical and aesthetic standards; 6) religious beliefs; 7) migration, mobility; 8) International between ethical relationships.
Environmental factors on the one hand provide company specific resources (land, minerals, sunlight, water, etc.) and on the other - a space which receives the results of the company.
To environmental enterprise environmental factors include: 1) land and water, the air, their status and characteristics; 2) flora and fauna; 3) environmental conditions of the company (temperature, weather conditions); 4) The trend of environmental change around the company;
5) real and acceptable level of adverse environmental impacts of electric, magnetic and other fields;
6) real and acceptable levels of pollution of air, land, water, toxic waste and so on.
Taking into account the impacts of the environment on activity of the company improves its level of economic stability, competitiveness and achieving goals.