Varieties and features of primary groups, their classification
Management of the Company
Many groups formed to accomplish a specific work that is difficult or impossible to perform by one person. Such groups typically face in their work the head.
At the same time, the development of interpersonal relationships in the group is a dialectical combination of processes of integration and differentiation, resulting in the emergence of the high level group of development teams.
The team is a community where interpersonal relationships are mediated joint activity, and the content of this activity is socially supportive in nature and correspond to universal values.
However, the group was formed, immediately becomes a team.
The teams observed a number of phenomena resulting from the process of group integration, namely:
1 Collectivit self - determination is selective responses to the effects of group, acceptance of the views of their respective group goals, and reject opinions that these goals do not meet.
2. The similarity of functional-role expectations - the convergence of views and actions about the distribution of roles and behavior in accordance with those roles among the group members.
3. Value-orientation unity - similarity of opinions, attitudes of group members about important for the joint activities of the events, facts, people.
4. Effective group emotional identification - the joy or sorrow of one member of the group actively shares other, which if necessary are able to provide assistance, support in a certain situation.
5. The adequacy of assigning and taking responsibility for successes and failures.
Integration of the group is the process of growing a meaningful unity and focus of a community of people.
Differentiation of the group is the process of selection of groups of individuals and groups which pursue their own aims:
1. Business leadership - ability of team members to take responsibility and lead the group in the implementation of joint activities.
2. "Professional dominance" - leadership is determined by a participant's contribution to the implementation of joint activities.
3. Referencesto - the opinion of a certain person plays a leading role for the majority of its members, especially important for joint activities of the events, facts and the like.
4. Emotional leadership - the ability of a member of the group to attract other people, to be a person who prefer to communicate.